Wildlife Conservation in India Project for Students PDF Summary
Dear readers, today we are going to offer Wildlife Conservation in India Project for Students PDF for all of you. India is one of the world’s major biodiversity countries, the 7th largest geographically located in South Asia and the second largest country in terms of population. Diversity is found in the ecological and geographical conditions of India.
Due to this diversity, many types of animals are also found here. About 81,000 species are found in India out of 150000 known species of total fauna in the whole world. There are 2500 species of fresh and sea water fishes in the country. 1200 species of birds and 900 subspecies are found in India.
For the protection of these creatures, more than 120 national parks, 515 wildlife sanctuaries, 26 wetlands and 18 biosphere reserves have been created in India. Apart from this, many projects are run by the Government of India for the conservation of wildlife. In this given chapter, you will know which major projects have been started by the Government of India for the conservation of wildlife.
Wildlife Conservation in India Project for Students PDF
Wildlife plays a vital role in maintaining the balance of our ecosystem. It serves various purposes ranging from protecting our biological diversities to maintaining our cultural ethos. Wildlife is indispensable for striking a crucial balance that enables us to live and grow.
However, with growing modernization and globalization, we are facing a climate crisis and our wildlife in India is decreasing day by day. Now, we are learning about wildlife conservation in India and the Importance of Wildlife Conservation.
In this article, we will explore the many important information about wildlife conservation including the importance of wildlife conservation and the projects initiated by the government.
Project Tiger in India
After the sanction of the Wildlife Protection act of 1972, Project Tiger was initiated to help repopulate Royal Bengal Tigers in the Indian subcontinent. The first estimate of the tiger population in India was speculated to be between 35,000 to 40,000 before the 20th century.
Man-made conditions, poaching and encroaching on wildland led to a harrowing decline in tiger populations over the century. Save the tiger project helped restore tiger populations from around 1400 at their lowest to around 2300 in 2015.
Project Elephant in India
In the year 1992, Project Elephant came into being. The Ministry of Environment and Forests under the Government of India decided upon taking action against the declining populations and disturbed migration of Asiatic elephants; hence initiating Project Elephant.
The initiative was implemented in sixteen Indian states namely Arunachal Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh, Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Jharkhand, Chhattisgarh, Karnataka, Maharashtra, Kerala, Meghalaya, Orissa, Nagaland, Tamil Nadu, Uttarakhand, Tripura, West Bengal and Uttar Pradesh. The primary objective of Project Elephant was to protect Wild elephants from poaching.
Crocodile Conservation Project in India
This project is yet another successful venture by the Government of India to conserve the Indian Crocodiles, whose species were on the verge of extinction once. The project also contributes toward conservation in a plethora of related fields. The main objectives of the crocodile project are to protect the remaining population of crocodiles and their natural habitat by establishing sanctuaries; promoting captive breeding; improving management; and involving the local people in the project intimately.
It is worth noticing that with the initiation of the Crocodile Conservation Project, 4000 gharial/Aligator, 1800 mugger/crocodile and 1500 saltwater crocodiles could be restocked.
UNDP Sea Turtle Project in India
With an objective to conserve the Olive Ridley Turtles, the UNDP Sea Turtle Project was initiated by the Wildlife Institute of India, Dehradun as the Implementing Agency in November 1999. The project is for 10 coastal states in India, especially Odisha where it has contributed to the preparation of a map of breeding sites of Sea Turtles; identification of breeding places and habitats along the coastline, and migratory routes taken by Sea Turtles.
The project also helped in the development of guidelines to safeguard the turtle mortality rate and for tourism in sea turtle areas. Amongst the major achievements of the project is the demonstration of the use of Satellite Telemetry to locate the migratory route of sea turtles in the sea.
National Parks and Wildlife Reserves in India
The government of India has allotted vast spaces of green forests for wildlife to flourish. Several protected lands are decreed as wildlife sanctuaries, national parks and biosphere reserves meant for the sole purpose of protecting wildlife against human interference.
There are 103 operational national parks in India as of 2015. The Ministry of Environment and Forest has taken a keen interest in active breeding programs, tracking and protecting against poaching of wildlife in recent years. Several national parks harbour exotic species of animals like Asiatic Lions in Gir National Park and Hoolock Gibbon in Hoollongapar Gibbon Sanctuary and protect them from extinction through concentrated efforts.
NGOs For Wildlife In India
Several non-governmental bodies have stepped up to the demands of wildlife conservation in India as well. Activism against poaching, encroachment of forest land and habitat destruction is a common phenomenon in modern India. There are several volunteer groups and corporations that take initiative towards maintaining undisturbed environments for flora and fauna to flourish.
Some of the more renowned NGOs in India include Rhino Foundation for Nature in Assam, Wildlife Society of Orissa, Friends of Forests in Maharashtra, Nature’s Beckon in Assam, North Eastern Society for Preservation of Nature and Wildlife in West Bengal, Nature Conservation Society of Amravati in Maharashtra, Bali Nature and Wild Life Conservation Society in West Bengal and The Friends of the Doon in Uttaranchal.
India has some of the most wonderful examples of wildlife in the world. However, due to overpopulation and the human effect on the environment in recent years, the wildlife in India is rapidly receding inwards.
Wildlife Conservation Projects for Students PDF
Research Wilderness Species Population in Chizarira, Zimbabwe – EDU Africa has been granted unprecedented research access to three of the region’s most significant national parks; Victoria Falls National Park, Hwange National Park and Chizarira National Park which have been heavily poached in recent years and is now part of a Rehabilitation program.
Wildlife Conservation in Greater Kruger Park, South Africa – Carry out research on endangered animals to provide information for wildlife trusts and reserve ecological management teams and assist the field teams with conservation initiatives.
Raptor Biology and Conservation, Kenya – Run by the “Kenya Bird of Prey Trust”, the Naivasha Owl Centre is the first stop for all types of injured or infirm raptors to heal, regain strength and train for eventual release.
Students are exposed to a wide variety of birds of prey and learn specifics on biology, ecological niches and immediate threats.
Marine Biology for School groups, South Africa – Students will have the opportunity to learn about and get involved in South Africa’s marine conservation work in different parts of the country.
Importance of Wildlife Conservation
Our daily activities like Logging, poaching and agriculture expansion are causing the extinction of wildlife and loss of biodiversity. Human activity is pushing the wildlife species to near extinction. Due to the poaching, many species like rhinoceros and elephants are near extinction in Africa.
We are doing thousands of activities that are endangering the wildlife species in danger. We should conservation of forests and wildlife in India and every other country and protect these species because there are many benefits for humans and animals including taking steps for wildlife conservation. So, let us discuss the importance of wildlife conservation.
What is Wildlife Conservation and why is it needed?
Conservation efforts actively protect wild plant and animal species and their natural habitats through various initiatives. This is to ensure that these species and habitats exist for future generations and also to recognize the importance of biodiversity and ecosystems.
The current strain on endangered species is caused by loss of habitat due to farming or development, human-wildlife conflict and poaching. Many people know about the protection of large, charismatic species when they hear about wildlife conservation in Africa. Despite these species that tourists and students want to see, there is a lot more to it.
Humans are inextricably linked to the natural world. Protecting the ecosystems that provide us with direct and indirect services for free, must become a higher priority for all. Without healthy, biodiverse ecosystems, we’d have no food, no water, no clean air, and disease.
Ecology & Conservation Projects for Students
Forest Restoration Ecology, Kenya – As human populations in East Africa grow and more land is needed for food production, indigenous vegetation is often cleared.
The Brackenhurst Botanic Garden and the indigenous forest is a real-life examples of restored biodiversity and ecosystem services.
Regenerative Permaculture, Kenya – Students are equipped and empowered with methods of design, and the skills to observe and apply practical solutions to the needs of specific target groups.
This is accomplished through the implementation of regenerative practices focused on diversity, resource management and energy capture.
Community-Based Conservation Projects for Students
Savannah Ecology and Community Based Conservation, Kenya – The creation of several community-owned wildlife conservancies has allowed for the regeneration of grass, easing of pressure on water sources and the slow return of Acacia woodland.
The Naboisho Conservancy is an ideal location to study human influence on a savanna ecosystem, ecology in general, and challenges to conservation in East Africa.
You can download Wildlife Conservation in India Project for Students PDF by using the following download link.