Tribes of India PDF

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Tribes of India PDF Summary

Hey folks, did you land on this page while searching Tribes of India PDF? If yes, then you are most welcome. India is the only perfect example of unity in diversity. There are various different cultures, traditions, and rituals that are followed by people who come from different tribes and communities.

The word Tribes is generally used to depict a particular category of the human social group. There are many tribes are living in India. As per Article 366(25) of the Constitution, “Scheduled Tribes are those communities that are scheduled in accordance with Article 342 of the Constitution.”

The scenario for Tribes of India has changed according to time. You can see a huge change in their condition if you compare it to pre-indepoendae and post-independence. The Tribes of India PDF will prove very important for you because you can learn it and use its knowledge in different types of exams.

Tribes of India PDF / Tribes of India List PDF

State Tribes
Andhra Pradesh Andh And Sadhu Andh, Bhil, Bhaghata, Dhulia,rona, Kolam, Gond, Thoti, Goundu, Kammara, Savaras, Dabba Yerukula, Sugalis, Nakkala, Pardhan, Gadabas, Chenchus A.k.a Chenchawar, Kattunayakan, Jatapus, Manna Dhora
Arunachal Pradesh Singpho, Monpa, Abor, Sherdukpen, Galo, Apatanis
Assam Khasis, Chakma, Dimasa, Gangte, Garos, Hajong, Chutiya
Bihar Gond, Birjia, Asur, Savar, Parhaiya, Chero, Birhor, Santhals, Baiga
Chhattisgarh Nagasia, Biar, Khond, Agariya, Bhattra, Mawasi, Bhaina,
Goa Varli, Dubia, Siddi, Dhodia, Naikda
Gujarat Patelia, Bhil, Dhodia, Bamcha, Barda, Paradhi, Charan, Gamta
Himachal Pradesh Swangal, Gujjars, Lahaulas, Khas, Pangwala, Lamba, Gaddis
Jammu and Kashmir Balti, Garra, Sippi, Bakarwal, Mon, Gaddi, Purigpa, Beda
Jharkhand Gonds, Birhors, Savar, Mundas, Santhals, Khaira, Bhumji
Karnataka Gond, Patelia, Barda, Yerava, Bhil, Koraga, Adiyan, Iruliga,
Kerala Malai, Aarayan, Arandan, Uralis, Kurumbas, Arandan, Eranvallan
Madhya Pradesh Kharia, Bhils, Murias, Birhors, Baigas, Katkari, Kol, Bharia, Khond, Gonds,
Maharashtra Warlis, Khond, Bhaina, Katkari, Bhunjia, Rathawa, Dhodia.
Manipur Thadou, Aimol, Maram, Paite, Chiru, Purum, Kuki, Monsang, Angami
Meghalaya Pawai, Chakma, Raba, Hajong, Lakher, Garos, Jaintias Khasis
Mizoram Dimasa, Raba, Chakma, Lakher, Khasi, Synteng, Kuki, Pawai.
Nagaland Nagas, Angami, Sema, Garo, Kuki, Kachari, Mikir
Odisha Gadaba, Ghara, Kharia, Khond, Matya, Oraons, Rajuar, Santhals.
Rajasthan Bhils, Damaria, Dhanka, Meenas(Minas), Patelia, Sahariya.
Sikkim Bhutia, Khas, Lepchas.
Tamil Nadu Adiyan, Aranadan, Eravallan, Irular, Kadar, Kanikar, Kotas, Todas.
Telangana Chenchus.
Tripura Bhil, Bhutia, Chaimal, Chakma, Halam, Khasia, Lushai, Mizel, Namte.
Uttarakhand Bhotias, Buksa, Jannsari, Khas, Raji, Tharu.
Uttar Pradesh Bhotia, Buksa, Jaunsari, Kol, Raji, Tharu.
West Bengal Asur, Khond, Hajong, Ho, Parhaiya, Rabha, Santhals, Savar.
Andaman and Nicobar Oraons, Onges, Sentinelese, Shompens.
Little Andaman Jarawa
North-East Abhors, Chang, Galaong, Mishimi, Singpho, Wancho.

Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups (PVTGs)

PVTGs (Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups) are more vulnerable among the tribal groups. Due to this factor, more developed and assertive tribal groups take a major chunk of the tribal development funds, because of which PVTGs need more funds directed for their development.

  • In 1975, the Indian Government declared 52 tribal groups as PVTGs
  • In 1993, 23 groups were added to the list.
  • Hence, there are 75 PVTGs out of 705 Scheduled Tribes
  • Odisha has the highest number of PVTGs. In 2020, the Odisha government further identified 888 villages/hamlets inhabited by PVTGs
  • The PVTGs are spread over 18 states and one Union Territory (UT), in the country (2011 census).
  • Characteristics of PVTGs:
    • Population – stangnant/declining
    • Technology – pre-agricultural
    • Literacy Level – extremely low
    • Economy – Subsistence level
STATE/ UT PVTGs NAME
Andhra Pradesh and Telangana 1. Bodo Gadaba 2. Bondo Poroja 3. Chenchu 4. Dongria Khond 5. Gutob Gadaba 6. Khond Poroja 7. Kolam 8. Kondareddis 9. Konda Savaras 10. Kutia Khond 11. Parengi Poroja l2. Thoti
Bihar (including Jharkhand) 13. Asurs 14. Birhor 15. Birjia 16. Hill Kharia 17. Konvas 18. Mal Paharia 19. Parhaiyas 20. Sauda Paharia 21. Savar
Gujarat 22. Kathodi 23. Kohvalia 24. Padhar 25. Siddi 26. Kolgha
Karnataka 27. Jenu Kuruba 28. Koraga
Kerala 29.Cholanaikayan (a section of Kattunaickans) 30. Kadar 31. Kattunayakan 32. Kurumbas 33. Koraga
Madhya Pradesh (including Chhattisgarh) 34. Abujh Macias 35. Baigas 36. Bharias 37. Hill Korbas 38. Kamars39. Saharias 40. Birhor
Maharashtra 41. Katkaria (Kathodia) 42. Kolam 43. Maria Gond
Manipur 44. Marram Nagas
Odisha 45. Birhor 46. Bondo 47. Didayi 48. Dongria-Khond 49. Juangs 50. Kharias 51. Kutia Kondh 52. Lanjia Sauras 53. Lodhas 54. Mankidias 55. Paudi Bhuyans 56. Soura 57. Chuktia Bhunjia
Rajasthan 58. Seharias
Tamil Nadu 59. Kattu Nayakans 60. Kotas 61. Kurumbas 62. Irulas 63. Paniyans 64. Todas
Tripura 65. Reangs
Uttar Pradesh and Uttarakhand 66. Buxas 67. Rajis
West Bengal 68. Birhor 69. Lodhas 70. Totos
Andaman & Nicobar Islands 71. Great Andamanese 72. Jarawas 73. Onges 74. Sentinelese 75. Shorn Pens

Tribes of India PDF: Important Facts about Scheduled Tribes

Important Facts about Scheduled Tribes 

In how many states do we find Scheduled Tribes? The STs are notified in 30 states and UTs
How many numbers of individual ethnic groups are notified as STs? 705
What is the population of Scheduled Tribes in India? Approximately 10.43 crores
What is the rural and urban population of STs in India?
  • The total population of STs in Rural Area is approximately 9.38 crores
  • The total population of STs in Urban Area is approximately 1.05 crores
What is the sex ratio of STs? 990; 

Rural – 991

Urban – 980

Which Indian state has the largest population of STs? Madhya Pradesh has 14.7% of total STs population; followed by Maharashtra (10.1%)
Which Indian states/UTs have no listed STs? Five states/UTs of India have no listed STs: 

  • Punjab
  • Chandigarh
  • Haryana
  • NCT of Delhi
  • Puducherry
Source – Census of India 2011

More details about Tribes of India PDF

State/UTs List of STs State/UTs List of STs State/UTs List of STs
Andhra Pradesh 34 Karnataka 50 Sikkim 4
Arunachal Pradesh 16 Kerala 43 Tamil Nadu 36
Assam 14 Madhya Pradesh 46 Telangana 32
Bihar 33 Maharashtra 47 Tripura 19
Chattisgarh 42 Manipur 34 Uttarakhand 5
Goa 8 Meghalaya 17 Uttar Pradesh 16
Gujarat 32 Mizoram 15 West Bengal 40
Himachal Pradesh 10 Nagaland 5 Andaman & Nicobar Islands 6
Jammu & Kashmir 12 Odisha 62 Dadra & Nagar Haveli and Daman & Diu 12
Jharkhand 32 Rajasthan 12 Lakshadweep

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