Thaipusam PDF Summary
Dear readers, here we are offering Thaipusam PDF to all of you. Thaipusam is a festival celebrated by the Tamil community on the full moon in the Tamil month of Thai (January/February), usually coinciding with Pushya Tara, known as Poosam in Tamil. The festival is celebrated to appreciate Lord Murugan.
He is considered the son of Lord Shiva. Thaipusam is one of the major festivals celebrated in South India. This festival is celebrated with great enthusiasm by the Tamil community in Tamil Nadu and Kerala as well as in other countries like America, Sri Lanka, Africa, and Thailand.
Lord Murugan, the elder son of Shiva is worshiped at this festival. The festival is celebrated on the full moon day of the Thai month of the Tamil calendar. This festival is a significant festival for Tamil Hindus. This day is seen as a victory of good over evil and many mythological stories related to it are present in history.
Thaipusam PDF 2023
On Thaipusam day, most devotees of Lord Murugan offer him fruits and flowers of yellow or orange color – his favorite colors and also adorn dresses of the same color. Many devotees bear milk, water, fruits and floral tributes on pails hung from a yoke and carry them on their shoulders to various Murugan temples, far and near. This wooden or bamboo structure called ‘Kavadi’ is covered with cloth and decorated with feathers of peacock – the vehicle of Lord Murugan.
Thaipusam is celebrated during the full moon in the Tamil month of Thai and commemorates the birthday of the Hindu deity Murugan. To mark this day of penance and thanksgiving, Hindus pierce their body with metal skewers and carry pots of milk on their heads along a four-kilometre procession.
Thaipusam Celebrations in Southeast Asia
Southeast Asia’s sizable Tamil Indian population will celebrate Thaipusam, an annual feast to honor the Hindu god Subramaniam, or Murugan. A procession draws devotees and onlookers with the spectacle of thousands of devotees bearing sacrifices to Lord Murugan.
The Lord Murugan is venerated as a granter of favors – if a wish is granted, supplicants repay the Lord through sacrifices like bearing the kavadi: a portable altar attached to the devotee by 108 vels, or metal skewers, pierced into the devotee’s skin! Up to a week before the Thaipusam celebrations, kavadi bearers fast in preparation for the event. Then on the day of Thaipusam, they ask trusted relatives to pierce their cheeks, tongue, face, and other body parts with vels, then load a kavadi onto their shoulders before setting off on the devotional procession.
Kavadis are exquisitely beautiful works of religious art – decorated with peacock feathers and garnished with aluminum plates bearing pictures of Hindu deities. Some kavadis weigh up to 33 pounds, skewers, feathers, and all – but kavadi bearers make a grand show of carrying the whole grisly ensemble down the parade route. Surprisingly, little to no blood is spilled throughout the procession.
Not all devotees carry kavadis to show their devotion to the Lord Murugan – other devotees join the procession bearing pots of milk called paal kudam, while couples who have been blessed with children over the past year will carry their babies in saffron slings suspended from sugarcane stalks.Along the procession, thousands of fresh coconuts are smashed, another act of devotion to Lord Murugan.
Thaipusam in Southeast Asia
- Thaipusam celebrations in Malaysia and Singapore are known for their festive fervor.
- The most famous Kavadi pilgrimage on the Thaipusam day takes place at the Batu Caves in Malaysia, where a large number of devotees head towards the Murugan temple in procession carrying the ‘Kavadi’.
- This festival attracts over a million people each year at the Batu Caves, near Kuala Lampur, which houses several Hindu shrines and the 42.7 meter high statue of Lord Murugan that was unveiled in January 2006.
- Pilgrims need to climb 272 steps to access the temple on the hilltop. Many foreigners also take part in this Kavadi pilgrimage.
- Notable among them are Australian Carl Vedivella Belle and German Rainer Krieg, who has been attending the Thai Poosam festival and taking Kavadi at Batu Caves, Malaysia since the 1970s.
Body Piercing on Thaipusam
- Many fanatical devotees go to such extents as to torture their bodies to appease the Lord.
- So, a major feature of Thaipusam celebrations is body piercing with hooks, skewers, and small lances called ‘vel’.
- Many of these devotees even pull chariots and heavy objects with hooks attached to their bodies.
- Many others pierce their tongue and cheek to impede speech and thereby attain full concentration on the Lord. Most devotees enter into a trance during such piercing due to the incessant drumming and chanting of “vel vel shakti vel.”
Thaipusam in Singapore
In Singapore, the festival is marked with a chariot procession that begins at the Sri Srinivasa Perumal Temple at 397 Serangoon Road in the Little India district. Over 20,000 devotees will join a procession snaking through Little India’s Serangoon Road, Selegie Road, Prinsep Street, Penang Road, and Clemenceau Avenue, concluding at Sri Thandayuthapani Temple on 15 Tank Road.
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