Stephen Hawking Biography PDF

Stephen Hawking Biography PDF Download

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Stephen Hawking Biography PDF Summary

Dear readers, here we are offering Stephen Hawking Biography PDF to all of you. Stephen Hawking was one of the most famous English theoretical physicists who was born on 8 January 1942 in Oxford, United Kingdom. His full name was Stephen William Hawking CH CBE FRS FRSA.

Apart from being a well-recognized physicist, he was also a cosmologist and author. He has done numerous research and development in the field of General relativity and quantum gravity. Stephen Hawking has also written his thesis on Properties of Expanding Universes in 1966.

There are uncountable awards and recognitions that Stephen has received for the noble work that he has done for the Human Kind and its ultimate growth. After serving for the humanity and its welfare, He died on 14 March 2018 in Cambridge, England. His Resting place is at Westminster Abbey.

Stephen Hawking Biography PDF – Key Highlights

Full Name Stephen William Hawking CH CBE FRS FRSA
Date of Birth 8 January 1942
Birth Place Oxford, England
Died 14 March 2018 (aged 76) Cambridge, England
Resting place Westminster Abbey
Education
  • University College, Oxford (BA)
  • Trinity Hall, Cambridge (Ph.D.)
Spouse(s)
  • Jane Wilde ​ ​(m. 1965; div. 1995)​
  • Elaine Mason ​ ​(m. 1995; div. 2007)
Children
  • Lucy Hawking,
  • Robert Hawking,
  • Timothy Hawking
Grandchild William Smith

SCIENTIFIC CAREER

Fields
  • General relativity
  • Quantum gravity
Institutions
  • Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge
  • California Institute of Technology
  • Perimeter Institute for Theoretical Physics
Thesis Properties of Expanding Universes (1966)
Doctoral advisor Dennis W. Sciama
Other academic advisors Robert Berman
Doctoral students
  • Bruce Allen
  • Raphael Bousso
  • Bernard Carr
  • Fay Dowker
  • Christophe Galfard [fr]
  • Gary Gibbons
  • Thomas Hertog
  • Raymond Laflamme
  • Don Page
  • Malcolm Perry
  • Christopher Pope Marika Taylor
  • Alan Yuille Wu Zhongchao
  • 27 others
Website https://www.hawking.org.uk/

Stephen Hawking Biography PDF – Religion and Atheism

Hawking was an atheist. In an interview published in The Guardian, Hawking regarded “the brain as a computer which will stop working when its components fail”, and the concept of an afterlife as a “fairy story for people afraid of the dark”. In 2011, narrating the first episode of the American television series Curiosity on the Discovery Channel, Hawking declared:

We are each free to believe what we want and it is my view that the simplest explanation is there is no God. No one created the universe and no one directs our fate. This leads me to a profound realization. There is probably no heaven, and no afterlife either. We have this one life to appreciate the grand design of the universe, and for that, I am extremely grateful.

Hawking’s association with atheism and freethinking was evident from his university years onwards when he had been a member of Oxford University’s humanist group. He was later scheduled to appear as the keynote speaker at a 2017 Humanists UK conference. In an interview with El Mundo, he said:

Before we understand science, it is natural to believe that God created the universe. But now science offers a more convincing explanation. What I meant by ‘we would know the mind of God is, that we would know everything that God would know if there were a God, which there isn’t. I’m an atheist.

In addition, Hawking stated:

If you like, you can call the laws of science ‘God’, but it wouldn’t be a personal God that you would meet and put questions to.

Popular books by Stephen Hawking

Sr.No. Year Books
1. 1998 A Brief History of Time
2. 1993 Black Holes and Baby Universes and Other Essays
3. 2001 The Universe in a Nutshell
4. 2002 On the Shoulders of Giants
5. 2005 God Created the Integers: The Mathematical Breakthroughs That Changed History
6. 2011 The Dreams That Stuff Is Made of: The Most Astounding Papers of Quantum Physics and How They Shook the Scientific World
7. 2013 My Brief History
8. 2018 Brief Answers to the Big Questions

Stephen Hawking Biography PDF – Awards and Recognitions

Sr.No. Awards Year
1. Adams Prize (1966)
2. Eddington Medal (1975)
3. Maxwell Medal and Prize (1976)
4. Heineman Prize (1976)
5. Hughes Medal (1976)
6. Albert Einstein Award (1978)
7. Albert Einstein Medal (1979)
8. RAS Gold Medal (1985)
9. Dirac Medal (1987)
10. Wolf Prize (1988)
11. Prince of Asturias Award (1989)
12. Foreign Associate of the National Academy of Sciences (1992)
13. Andrew Gemant Award (1998)
14. Naylor Prize and Lectureship (1999)
15. Lilienfeld Prize (1999)
16. Albert Medal (1999)
17. Copley Medal (2006)
18. Presidential Medal of Freedom (2009)
19. Breakthrough Prize in Fundamental Physics (2012)
20. BBVA Foundation Frontiers of Knowledge Award (2015)

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Stephen Hawking Biography pdf

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