ভাৰতৰ স্বাধীনতা আন্দোলনত অসমৰ ভূমিকা ৰচনা Assamese - Description
প্ৰিয় পাঠক সকল, আজি আমি আপোনালোক সকলোৰে বাবে ভাৰতৰ স্বাধীনতা আন্দোলনত অসমৰ ভূমিকা ৰচনা PDF শ্বেয়াৰ কৰিবলৈ ওলাইছো। অসমত কেইবাটাও বংশৰ শাসন চলি আহিছে যাৰ ভিতৰত বৰ্মন বংশ, কোচ, কছাৰী আৰু আহোম প্ৰধান। ত্ৰয়োদশ শতিকাৰ সময়ছোৱাত বৰ্তমান চীনৰ এটা অংশ মং মাওৰ অন্তৰ্গত সুকাফা এজন টাই ৰাজকুমাৰ পাটকাই পৰ্বতমালা পাৰ হৈ অসমলৈ আহিছিল।
প্ৰায় ৯০০০ অনুগামীৰ সৈতে আৰু ১২২৮ চনত আহোম বংশ প্ৰতিষ্ঠা কৰে।তেওঁলোকে প্ৰায় ৬০০ বছৰ ৰাজ্যখনত শাসন কৰিছিল, সেই সময়ছোৱাত দিল্লী চুলতানত আৰু মোগলে ১৭ বাৰ ৰাজ্যখন আক্ৰমণ কৰিছিল যদিও নিজৰ কৰ্তৃত্ব প্ৰতিষ্ঠা কৰাত ব্যৰ্থ হৈছিল। কিন্তু সময়ৰ লগে লগে কিছু আভ্যন্তৰীণ ৰাজনীতিৰ বাবে আহোমৰ শাসন দুৰ্বল হৈ পৰিছিল।
১৮১৭ চনৰ পৰা ১৮২৬ চনৰ ভিতৰত অসমত তিনিবাৰকৈ বাৰ্মাই আক্ৰমণ কৰে আৰু এই সময়ছোৱাত ১৮২১ চনৰ পৰা ১৮২৫ চনলৈ অসম ৰাজ্য (আহোম) বাৰ্মাৰ নিয়ন্ত্ৰণত আহে।১৮২৮ খ্ৰীষ্টাব্দত ধনঞ্জয় বৰগোহাঞি আৰু গুনাধৰ কোঁৱৰৰ নেতৃত্বত ব্ৰিটিছৰ বিৰুদ্ধে প্ৰথম বিদ্ৰোহ হয়। গুনাধৰ কোঁৱৰক ৭ বছৰৰ কাৰাদণ্ড আৰু মৃত্যুদণ্ডৰ শাস্তি পোৱা ধনঞ্জয় বৰগোহাঞি মটক ৰাজ্যলৈ পলায়ন কৰে।
ভাৰতৰ স্বাধীনতা আন্দোলনত অসমৰ ভূমিকা ৰচনা PDF
Assam has been under the rule of several dynasties among which the Varman dynasty, Koch, Kachari, and Ahom are the most prominent ones. During the 13th century, Sukaphaa a Tai prince who belonged to Mong Mao, which is presently a part of China came to Assam crossing the Patkai range along with about 9000 followers and established the Ahom Dynasty in the year 1228. They ruled over the state for about 600 years, during which the Delhi Sultanate and Mughals attacked the state 17 times but failed to establish their authority.
However, with time the rule of Ahoms had weakened owing to some internal politics. Assam was invaded by Burma thrice between 1817 and 1826 and during this time Kingdom of Assam (Ahom) came under the control of Burma from 1821 to 1825. The First Anglo-Burmese War and the Treaty of Yandaboo in 1826 brought an end to the Burmese rile in Assam and marked the beginning of British rule.
In the year 1826, the British annexed the Ahom kingdom and in 1838 AD, all of northeast India became part of the Bengal Presidency of British India. The rule of the East India Company ended in 1858 and the whole of India came under the direct control of the British Crown.
The assessment of land revenue was increased, and income tax, stamp duties, etc., were also imposed by the new administration and it carried on trade in opium and salt in the State and earned considerable profit thereby. The British discovered that the region of Assam was an implicit goldmine for them and they got into the process of development and progress.
The British dissolved the Ahom administrative structure made Bengali the official language and recruited Bengali Hindus for various posts instead of the local populace. Coal, limestone, and iron mines were opened and the government offered incentives to European entrepreneurs to start plantations for the production of tea, rubber, chinchona (source of quinine) hemp, and jute.
The British brought in contract labour from Bihar, Orissa, and Andhra Pradesh. By the turn of the century, one and a half million such coolies were employed on 700 plantations producing 145 million pounds of tea annually.
The first revolt against the British was led by Dhananjay Borgohain and Gunadhar Konwar in 1828 AD. Gunadhar Konwar was sentenced to seven years in prison and Dhananjay Borgohain, having been sentenced to death fled to the Matak kingdom.
There he secretly joined hands with his own sons Harakanta and Haranath, son-in-law Jeuram Dulia Baruah, and many others and made plans to attack Rangpur. But before they were betrayed by one of their associates, Sadiya Khowa Gohain and several members of the group were hanged and others were debarred from the country.
Thereafter, the British control over Assam was strengthened. The famous Sepoy Mutiny of 1857 AD, found an echo in Assam under the leadership of Maniram Dewan and Piyoli Barua, who were eventually hanged in 1858 AD.
Meanwhile, the British had sought to clamp the linguistic freedom of the natives by introducing Bengali as the medium of instruction in 1837 AD. However it ended in a fiasco because owing to the efforts of the American Baptist Missionaries, and noted intellectuals of the day like Anandaram Dhekial Phukan, Hem Chandra Baruah, and Gunabhiram Baruah, Assamese was reinstated as the medium of instruction in 1873 AD.
Role of Assam in Freedom Movement of India Essay
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