Problems in Indian Education System Essay PDF

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Problems in Indian Education System Essay - Description

Dear readers, here we are offering Problems in Indian Education System Essay PDF to all of you. Indian democracy is the largest democracy in the world and due to the huge population, it is near to impossible to provide a better education system to the citizen.

There are many problems in the Indian education system that leads to ultimate poverty, illiteracy, and unemployment. There are many people who want to change this scenario but they are not able to do so because of the atmosphere of the country.

One of the biggest problems or challenges that can affect Indian education is corruption. There are so corrupt people in every government and private organization that are just destroying this country for the sake of their personal interest.

Problems in Indian Education System Essay PDF


The success of an economy is greatly determined by the education systems in practice. Education is the backbone of every nation and civilized society in today’s world. A developed country is also an educated country, keeping in mind the significance of a good education system. Indian higher education system is the third largest in the world.

Right from the time of independence, India is constantly marching towards good education for its civilians. There have been a Humpty number of challenges to the education system in India but equally a lot of opportunities are available to overcome these challenges and strengthen the education system in India.

There is a need for transparency and accountability to build a good education avenue to reach the long-term goals of knowledge building and this makes it inevitable to have genuine and committed educational institutions and colleges. India provides highly skilled talent resources to other countries and it is also essential that with the presence of abundant talent resources, the nation can be transformed from a developing nation to a developed nation.

The current study aims to highlight the challenges and point out the opportunities available in higher education with special reference to commerce education in Karnataka state, India.

Essay on Indian Education System in 250 Words – Introduction

India’s higher education system is the third-largest in the world, next to the United States and China. As per the latest 2011 Census, about 8.15% (68 million) of Indians are graduates, with Union Territories of Chandigarh and Delhi topping the list with 24.65% and 22.56% of their population being graduates respectively.

At present in 2011, there are government–recognized Universities in India. Out of the 20 centrals are central universities, 109 are deemed universities and the rest are state universities.

The education system provides a benchmark to measure the effectiveness of knowledge creation and implementation thereby contributing to the immense growth and development of individuals, corporates, society and the country at large. Immense efforts are being made by academicians to build a strong academic set-up.

What is Indian Education?

Indian Education is a term used to refer to the Education that is offered primarily to American Indian students. The Indian Education Act of 1972 defined its purpose as “to meet the unique educational and culturally related academic needs of American Indian children.”

Similarities Between Mainstream Education and Indian Education

There are several similarities between mainstream education in America, also known as public schools, and Indian Education. Traditional public schools are subject to the same educational mandates as Indian schools overseen by the Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA).

Most incorporate a core set of subjects such as English, math, social studies, and science into their curriculum. The school year is roughly 180 days long, and students attend class 5 days a week for around 6 hours each day.

Differences Between Mainstream Education and Indian Education

Despite these similarities, there are also some key differences between mainstream education and Indian Education. Perhaps the most notable is that Indian Education is often delivered in a culturally relevant and inclusive manner, which takes into account the unique needs of Native American students.

This can include incorporating tribal history and culture into the curriculum, providing Native American educators, and incorporating traditional tribal values and beliefs into the school environment. In addition, Indian Education is often offered on or near reservations, while mainstream Education is not.

Problems of Indian Education System PDF

Education plays an important role in the development of an individual and makes him a knowledgeable citizen. It is Education that makes an individual self-reliant, helps to suppress social evils, and contributes towards the development of the society and nation as a whole.

Education helps in unravelling the mystery of nature. It enables us to understand and improve the working of our society. It creates conditions for a better life. Education brings out the capabilities to fight injustice happening in society. Every individual has the right to Education.

Indian Education is one of the largest and most complex education systems in the world along with China. India is committed to providing basic Education to its citizens, the framework of which is defined in the National Policy of Education.

Elementary Education is now compulsory in India. At the time of Independence, only 14% of India’s population was literate. Now after so many decades since Independence, the number of literates has increased by fivefold.

History of Education System in India

  • The history of the Indian education system comes from the times of Ramayana and Mahabharata. The historic Indian education system is also called the Gurukula system. There were gurus then who are now known as teachers and shishyas who are called students now.
  • The gurus and the shishyas lived together under one roof in Gurukula until the completion of their Education. The shishyas were expected to help the guru with all the daily chores as part of their learning. The children belonging to higher strata of the society were taught all the subjects from Sanskrit to Holy Scriptures and mathematics to metaphysics by the gurus.
  • The Gurukulas during those times focused on the practical aspects of life. The students were taught in the open classroom in the surrounding area of nature. This early system of Education in India continued for many years until the modern education system came into the picture in the nineteenth century.
  • In the early 19th century, during the British period, the modern education system was brought into our country by Lord Thomas Babington Macaulay. The basic strength of this modernized education system was the examinations and a well-defined curriculum, which gave importance to subjects like science and mathematics and subjects like philosophy, and metaphysics were given a back seat.
  • The brick-and-mortar classrooms replaced the open classrooms in the Gurukuls. The essence of the guru shishya bond was taken over by a more formal relationship between the teacher and the student.
  • To understand the progress of any student, examinations were conducted at frequent intervals. The focus of the education system shifted from learning to memorizing the concepts to score good marks in the examinations.

Problems of Indian Education System Speech

  • Over a period of time, it has been observed that there are many loopholes in the system of Education in India. Instead of understanding the concepts, students started cramming and memorizing the lessons. Knowledge is given a backseat and scoring in high rankings takes importance.
  • Modern parents have tuned their mindsets accordingly, and their goal is to ensure that their children score good marks instead of acquiring knowledge right from the primary level.
  • Private schools and colleges have been rapidly increasing in the country but the results produced by them are far beyond satisfactory. It has also been observed that the quality of teachers deteriorated with the passing of time.
  • Our examination system is responsible for the wide skill gap. India is producing lakhs of engineers and professionals every year but only a fraction of this number is actually getting employed. This is because the Indian examination system focuses more on scoring good percentages rather than the actual continuous comprehensive evaluation.
  • Research and development, which should be the cornerstone of our system, are given the least importance. Private schools and colleges focus on the admission of more students and are least interested in the quality of their Education. This is the major reason why the faculties and the teachers lack skills and specialization.
  • This is quite evident from the fact that a single professor is assigned to teach multiple subjects.

How Can We Improve the Indian Education System?

First and most importantly we should improve the grading system. Rote learning should be discouraged completely. Teachers and faculties should focus more on the analytical skills of the students and grade them accordingly. There should be more focus on comprehensive evaluation instead of scoring only good marks.

Workshops must be organized for teachers on a regular basis to keep them updated about the latest developments in the sector of Education. At the same time, the curriculum should be reframed according to the present needs of Education in India.


Indian Education is a unique and specialized Education system that is offered primarily to Indian students. It incorporates culturally relevant and inclusive elements not found in mainstream Education but is subject to many of the same mandates. The payroll structure of the teachers and the faculties, especially in government institutions should be improved.

This step will help in motivating the teachers to develop their skills and they will take a keen interest in grooming or shaping a student’s life and career. The government and other entities who are associated with the education sector, need to understand the importance of quality Education.

Education should be a holistic process that must focus on the overall development of the physical, emotional, social, and cognitive skills of a child. It needs to be a slow and cyclic process and must take place gradually to help the child develop into an autonomous, independent, and knowledgeable individual.

An educated individual is an individual who should be able to contribute towards the betterment of the economic and social development of the society as well as the country. The true goal of Education must exceed awarding degrees and certificates to the students. Education is not a tool to earn a livelihood, but it is a way to liberate the mind and soul of an individual.

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