Nelson Mandela Class 10 Questions and Answers PDF Summary
Dear readers, today we are going to share Nelson Mandela Class 10 Questions and Answers PDF for all of you. Through our article, you can easily get the Nelson Mandela Class 10 Questions and Answers in PDF form. It can be very useful for you if you are studying in the class 10th. Through this, you can easily get the good score in your upcoming exams.
There is no doubt that students need to have some help. This is one of the main reasons why students need Nelson Mandela Class 10 Solutions. It is an important year for the Class 10 students who need to pay attention to their work at school. The given Chapter 2 solution of Class 10 English is called Nelson Mandela Long Walk To Freedom.
This chapter focuses on the life of Nelson Mandela and his struggles to become the first Black President of South Africa. Students can get the answers to all the questions in an easy way with the help of Class 10 English Chapter 2 Nelson Mandela which is available on this page. It will save a lot of their time and help them get score better in the CBSE examinations.
Nelson Mandela Class 10 Questions and Answers PDF
Ques.1) Where did the ceremonies take place? Can you name any public buildings in India that are made of
Ans: The ceremonies took place on the campus of the Union Building of Pretoria. The Parliament House in New
Delhi, the Rashtrapati Bhavan in New Delhi, the Supreme Court of India in New Delhi and the Madras High Court in Chennai are some examples of Indian public buildings that are made of sandstone.
Ques.2) Can you say how 10 May is an ‘autumn day’ in South Africa?
Ans: 10 May is an ‘autumn day’ in South Africa because on this day there was the largest gathering of international leaders on South African soil for the installation of South Africa’s first democratic, non-racial government.
Ques.3) At the beginning of his speech, Mandela mentions “an extraordinary human disaster”. What does he
mean by this? What is the “glorious … human achievement” he speaks of at the end?
Ans: By human disaster, Mandela means to say that coloured people have suffered a lot due to discrimination at the hands of whites. He considered it a great glorious human achievement that a black person became the president of a country where blacks are not considered human beings and are treated badly.
Ques.4) What does Mandela thank the international leaders for?
Ans: Mandela felt privileged to be the host to the nations of the world because not too long ago, the South Africans were considered outlaws. He thus thanked all the international leaders for having come to witness his investiture as President since this event could be considered a common victory for justice, peace and human dignity.
Ques.5) What ideas does he set out for the future of South Africa?
Ans: Mandela set out the ideals of poverty alleviation and removal of the suffering of people. He also set the ideal for a society where there would be no discrimination based on gender or racial origins.
Nelson Mandela Class 10 Questions and Answers PDF – Oral Comprehension Check
Ques.1) What do the military generals do? How has their attitude changed, and why?
Ans: The highest military generals of the South African defence force and police saluted Mandela and pledged
their loyalty. Their attitude towards blacks had taken great change. Instead of arresting a black, they saluted him.
Ques.2) Why were two national anthems sung?
Ans: On the day of the inauguration, two national anthems were sung, one by the whites, and the other by the blacks. This symbolized the equality of blacks and whites.
Ques.3) How does Mandela describe the systems of government in his country (i) in the first decade, and (ii) in the final decade, of the twentieth century?
Ans: (i) In the first decade of the twentieth century, the white-skinned people of South Africa patched up their differences and erected a system of racial domination against the dark-skinned people of their own land, thus creating the basis of one of the harshest and most inhumane societies the world had ever known.
(ii) In the last decade of the twentieth century, the previous system had been overturned forever and replaced by one that recognized the rights and freedoms of all peoples, regardless of the colour of their skin.
Ques.4) What does courage mean to Mandela?
Ans: For Mandela courage does not mean the absence of fear but a victory over fear. According to him brave men
need not be fearless but should be able to conquer fear.
Ques.5) Which does he think is natural, to love or to hate?
Ans: For Mandela, love comes more naturally to the human heart than hate.
Ques.6) What “twin obligations” does Mandela mention?
Ans: Mandela mentions that every man has twin obligations. The first is to his family, parents, wife and children; the second obligation is to his people, his community and his country.
Ques.7) What did being free mean to Mandela as a boy and as a student? How does he contrast these “transitory freedoms” with “the basic and honourable freedoms”?
Ans: Like any other kid for Mandela also freedom meant the freedom to make merry and enjoy a blissful life. Once anybody becomes an adult the antics of childhood look transitory because the most childish activity is wasteful from an adult’s perspective. Once you are an adult then someday you have to earn a livelihood to bring the bacon home, then only you get an honourable existence in the family and in society.
Ques.8) Does Mandela think the oppressor is free? Why/Why not?
Ans: Mandela does not feel that the oppressor is free because according to him an oppressor is a prisoner of hatred, who is locked behind the bars of prejudice and narrow-mindedness. He feels that both the oppressor and the oppressed are robbed of their humanity.
Nelson Mandela Class 10 Questions and Answers PDF – Thinking about the Language
Ques.1) There are nouns in the text (formation, government) which are formed from the corresponding verbs (form, govern) by suffixing − (at)ion or ment. There may be changes in the spelling of some verb-noun pairs: such as rebel, rebellion; constitute and constitution.
Ques.2) Martin Luther King’s __________ (contribute) to our history as an outstanding leader began when he came to the __________ (assist) of Rosa Parks, a seamstress who refused to give up her seat on a bus to a white passenger. In those days American Blacks were confined to positions of second-class citizenship by restrictive laws and customs. To break these laws would mean __________ (subjugate) and __________ (humiliate) by the police and the legal system. Beatings, __________ (imprison) and sometimes death awaited those who defied the System. Martin Lither King’s tactics of protest involved non-violent __________ (resist) to racial injustice.
Ans: Martin Luther King’s contribution to our history as an outstanding leader began when he came to the assistance of Rosa Parks, a seamstress who refused to give up her seat on a bus to a white passenger. In those days American Blacks were confined to positions of second-class citizenship by restrictive laws and customs. To break these laws would mean subjugation and humiliation by the police and the legal system. Beatings, imprisonment and sometimes death awaited those who defied the System. Martin Luther King’s tactics of protest involved non-violent resistance to racial injustice.
Ques.3) Here are some more examples of ‘the’ used with proper names. Try to say what these sentences mean. (You may consult a dictionary if you wish. Look at the entry for ‘the’)
1. Mr Singh regularly invites Amitabh Bachchan and the Shah Rukh Khans to his parties.
2. Many people think that Madhuri Dixit is the Madhubala of our times.
3. History is not only the story of the Alexanders, the Napoleons and the Hitlers, but of ordinary people as well.
Ans: 1. This means that Mr Singh regularly invites famous personalities such as Amitabh Bachchan and Shah Rukh Khan to his parties.
2. This means that Madhuri Dixit is compared to a landmark in acting in the form of legendary actress Madhubala.
3. This means that history is not only the story of the great fighters and leaders such as Alexander, Napoleon and Hitler but also of ordinary people.
Ques.4) In Column A are some expressions you will find in the text. Make a guess and match each expression with an appropriate meaning from Column B.
|(i) A rainbow gathering of different colours and nations||– A great ability (almost unimaginable) to remain unchanged by suffering (not losing hope, goodness or courage)|
|(ii) The seat of white supremacy||– A half-secret life, like a life lived in the fading light between sunset and darkness|
|(iii) Be overwhelmed with a sense of history||– A sign of human feeling (goodness, kindness, pity, justice, etc.)|
|(iv) Resilience that defies the imagination||– A beautiful coming together of various peoples, like the colours in a rainbow|
|(v) A glimmer of humanity||– The centre of racial superiority|
|(vi) A twilight existence||– Feel deeply emotional, remembering and understanding all the past events that have led up to the moment|
|(i) A rainbow gathering of different colours and nations||– A beautiful coming together of various peoples, like the colours in a rainbow|
|(ii) The seat of white supremacy||– The centre of racial superiority|
|(iii) Be overwhelmed with a sense of history||– Feel deeply emotional, remembering and understanding all the past events that have led up to the moment|
|(iv) Resilience that defies the imagination||– A great ability (almost unimaginable) to remain unchanged by suffering (not losing hope, goodness or courage)|
|(v) A glimmer of humanity||– A sign of human feeling (goodness, kindness, pity, justice, etc.)|
|(vi) A twilight existence||– A half-secret life, like a life lived in the fading light between sunset and darkness|
Ques.5) Match the italicised phrases in Column A with the phrase nearest in meaning in Column B. (Hint: First look for the sentence in the text in which the phrase in column A occurs.)
|1. I was not unmindful of the fact||(i) had not forgotten; was aware of the fact(ii) was not careful about the fact
(iii) forgot or was not aware of the fact
|2. when my comrades and I were pushed to our limits||(i) pushed by the guards to the wall(ii) took more than our share of beatings
(iii) felt that we could not endure the suffering any longer
|3. to reassure me and keep me going||(i) make me go on walking(ii) help me continue to live in hope in this very difficult situation
(iii) make me remain without complaining
|4. the basic and honourable freedoms of…earning my keep,…||(i) earning enough money to live on(ii) keeping what I earned
(iii) getting a good salary
|1. I was not unmindful of the fact||(i) had not forgotten; was aware of the fact|
|2. when my comrades and I were pushed to our limits||(iii) felt that we could not endure the suffering any longer|
|3. to reassure me and keep me going||(ii) help me continue to live in hope in this very difficult situation|
|4. the basic and honourable freedoms of…earning my keep,…||(i) earning enough money to live on|
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