Manufacturing Industries Class 10 Notes PDF Summary
Greetings to all today we are going to upload the Manufacturing Industries Class 10 Notes PDF to help students.NCERT Book for Class 10 Social Science (Geography) Chapter 6 Manufacturing Industries is obtainable for reading or download on this page. Students who are in class 10th or preparing for any exam which is based on Class 10 Geography can refer to NCERT Geography Book for their preparation. Digital NCERT Books Class 10 Geography Life pdf are always ready to use when you do not have access to the physical copy.
Here you can read Chapter 6 of the Class 10 Geography NCERT Book. Even after the chapter, you can get links to Class 10 Geography Notes, NCERT Solutions, Important Question, Practice Papers, etc. Scroll down for Manufacturing Industries from NCERT Book Class 10 Geography & essential study material.
|6.||Chapter Name||Manufacturing Industries|
|7.||Category||CBSE Revision Notes|
Manufacturing Industries Class 10 Notes PDF
Importance of Manufacturing
The manufacturing sector is considered the backbone of development due to the following reasons:
- Manufacturing industries help in modernizing agriculture as it provides jobs in secondary and tertiary sectors.
- It helps in the eradication of unemployment and poverty.
- Export of manufactured goods expands trade and commerce and brings in much-needed foreign exchange.
- It helps in prospering the country by giving a boost to the economy.
Contribution of Industry to National Economy
The trend of growth rate in manufacturing over the last decade has been around 7 percent per annum.
Industrial locations are influenced by the availability of:
- Raw material
- Government policies
Manufacturing activity tends to locate at the most appropriate place where all the factors of industrial location are either available or can be arranged at a lower cost. The figure below shows the industry market linkage.
Cotton, jute, silk, woolen textiles, sugar, edible oil, etc. industries are based on agricultural raw materials. Let’s know about each of them, one by one.
It is the only industry in India, which is self-reliant and complete in the value chain i.e., from raw material to the highest value-added products. It contributes to industrial production, employment generation, and foreign exchange earnings.
This industry has close links with agriculture and provides a living to farmers, cotton boll pluckers, and workers engaged in ginning, spinning, weaving, dyeing, designing, packaging, tailoring, and sewing. It supports many other industries, such as chemicals and dyes, packaging materials, and engineering works.
India is the largest producer of raw jute and jute goods. Most of the mills are located in West Bengal, mainly along the banks of the Hugli river.
India stands second as a world producer of sugar but occupies first place in the production of Gur and Khandsari. This industry is seasonal.
Industries that use minerals and metals as raw materials are called mineral-based industries. Let’s discuss some industries that fall under this category.
Iron and Steel Industry
Iron and steel is the basic industry as all the other industries – heavy, medium, and light, depending on them for their machinery. lt is considered a heavy industry because all the raw materials, as well as finished goods, are heavy and bulky entailing heavy transportation costs.
India is an important iron and steel producing country in the world yet, we are not able to perform to our full potential largely due to:
- High costs and limited availability of coking coal
- Lower productivity of labor
- Irregular supply of energy
- Poor infrastructure.
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