Language Across the Curriculum B.ed Notes in English PDF Summary
Dear readers, today we are going to offer Language Across the Curriculum B.ed Notes in English PDF for all of you. Language is a form and means of communication. Language Across the Curriculum is also known as LAC in short form. Language Across the Curriculum as a concept acknowledges the fact that language education does not only take place in specific subjects explicitly defined and reserved for it.
Such as mother tongue education, foreign language education, second language education etc. Language learning and education also take place in every subject in school, every academic and mental activity, across the whole curriculum whether we are conscious of it or not.
LAC as a policy has to be understood as a necessary and systematic extension of the standard variety of the language of school education (LE) into subject-specific ways of thinking and communicating. So guys if you are a B.ed student and want to Across the Curriculum B.ed Notes in English pdf then here you can get it very easily which can be very valuable for you to get good marks in your exam.
Language Across the Curriculum B.ed Notes in English PDF: Introduction
Languages across the curriculum is an educational learning program that allows students to study a foreign language and its have provides students to learn other languages than English in non-language courses. The purpose of this article is to show language curriculum is one of the most important features of a community and also a career prospect.
Language is one of the most powerful emblems tools of social behaviour and making an effort to learn another language as a curriculum in school education will truly benefit in the long run. Language is a living and dynamic phenomenon and people have always found ways of expressing their thoughts and feelings through language. While learning a second language is seem like a hassle and it is incredibly beneficial to all students no matter their age.
There are the three most important foundations of education are:
- Related to the nature of knowledge
- Related to the theory of knowledge
- Related to values
These three are the foundations of the most fundamental language education system. Education is a process of continuous changes. Education is concerned with all kinds of forms of education; it might be formal and informal education systems of modern industrial societies.
So, the right ways of education play a very important role in moulding the character of an individual. It is one of the concrete sources from which to get information and knowledge from the learning language.
2.1 Concept of language
This learning system approach is a modern approach that should occur throughout the school hours in the language classroom as well as other subject classrooms. It also allows students to apply their existing knowledge of a second language outside of language learning classrooms.
Language skills took a very important role in professional careers, even if the student is studying subjects like science and mathematics etc. In these subjects, students need to perform in reading and writing and it has reflected competencies skills that are possible only through competent language skills.
2.2 Meaning of Curriculum
The term curriculum is derived from the Latin word called “currere” which means run or a running course. This means that a course is to be run for reaching a certain goal. The curriculum is one of the most important sections of the educative process. It is a plan or programme for all experiences which has learners to encounters under the direction of the school.
The formal and informal content has to process by the learners to gain knowledge and understand, develop skills and alter attitudes auspices of that school. The syllabus also is a refined of the curriculum at a particular stage of learning for a particular subject. Curriculum refers to the lessons and academic content taught in a school.
3.1. Aims and approach of learning language
Language works as a medium between the learners and teachers. Learning discipline refers to a branch of academic study and socially acknowledged name. It has to deal with students carefully and handles them with the care that will promote best efforts.
As a language curriculum is a very important tool for learning and an aid to an understanding of students develop basic thinking and communication skills and these are very necessary for their personal development and future career.
Learning language always has three types of approaches, they are:
- To support language development.
- To support language development in all domains.
- To support language development in all learning activities.
Language Across the Curriculum B.ed Notes PDF in English
Have you ever noticed that some students understand the content of a particular subject better than other subjects? Or do some students do well in some subjects than other subjects? Some students find it difficult to understand some subjects. This is because they find it not easy to comprehend the matter presented in some subjects. Most students find Mathematics more difficult than other subjects.
This is mainly because of two aspects. One, the content of the subject itself is abstract, and also the language used to communicate is also a complicated one. This means Mathematics uses a language of its own. This is true of other subjects also. The language of science is different from the language of Social Science.
Therefore, it is important for us to know the language structure of each subject and also to teach the same to our students. This is what we are dealing with under the Course ‘Language across the Curriculum, and let us understand the meaning of the concept of Language across the Curriculum, its goals, and its importance. Language across the Curriculum is a very significant and worthwhile concept as experienced by different practitioners.
According to researchers, this concept, if adopted in a school situation, will enhance content competencies and language competencies simultaneously. LAC cannot be narrowly understood as the exclusive domain of first or second language education.
It is not even confined to the conventional four modes of language, namely, Reading, Writing, Listening, and Speaking. All non-verbal means of representation and expression are rightly seen as part of the overall semiotic systems. Semiotic systems are nothing, but the system of using signs and symbols. This is also used in communication.
Semiotics includes the use of images or graphs, movements and, generally speaking, all visual forms of representation and expression (Corson,1990). Hence, there are different modes of human activities, which involve the use of language. All these modes of activity need to be mastered by the students, and specifically, eight modes of human activities involving language, have been distinguished.
|1.||Listening:||Comprehending oral input/intake|
|2.||Speaking:||Constructing meaningful utterances|
|3.||Reading:||Understanding written texts|
|4.||Writing:||Producing written texts/coherent discourse|
|5.||Viewing:||Attending to visual signs/information|
|6.||Shaping:||Using visual means of expression|
|7.||Watching:||Attending physical movements|
|8.||Moving:||Using the whole body, the whole person for self-expression.|
All these modes are to be taught and their use needs to be developed in the LAC approach.
The concept of LAC also assumes that language and learning as well as language and thinking are deeply linked. Thus, to further develop the children’s existing mental and linguistic capacities, LAC is important.
Hence, it focuses on learning where students are actively involved, where students construct knowledge on their own, and where students learn themselves rather than someone teaching them.
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