Forest and Wildlife Resources Class 10 - Description
Dear readers, today we are going to share Forest and Wildlife Resources Class 10 PDF for all of you. It can be very useful for those who are study in class 10 under the CBSE board. If you are one of them then this article proved will be very valuable for you. Here in this blog post, we will be given more important details related to this chapter.
The given chapter Forest and Wildlife Resources Class 10 is available in the geography syllabus. This is one of the more important topics for those students who are studying in class 10 because questions on this topic are being asked in every board exam. Therefore you are advised to read these notes at least once before your board exam.
The given topic afterwards discusses the important role that forests play in the ecological system and how we can conserve forests and wildlife in India. Chapter 2 of geography (Forest and Wildlife Resources Class 10) ends by explaining various steps taken by people to conserve our forest and wildlife resources.
Forest and Wildlife Resources Class 10 PDF
If you are really conscious about your study and thus if you want to score good marks in the board exam of class 10th then you must read the given notes at least once before your board exam.
Through these notes, you will get all the information related to Forest and Wildlife Resources Class 10 in a systematic way so that you can grab the knowledge of these notes without facing any problems.
Flora and Fauna in India
India is one of the world’s richest countries in terms of its vast array of biological diversity. Different varieties of forest and wildlife resources are found in India.
Based on the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN), we can classify different categories of existing plants and animal species as follows:
Normal Species: Species whose population levels are considered to be normal for their survival, such as cattle, sal, pine, rodents, etc.
Endangered Species: These species are in danger of extinction. For example, species are black buck, crocodile, Indian wild ass, Indian rhino, lion-tailed macaque, Sangai (brow centre deer in Manipur), etc.
Vulnerable Species: These are species whose population has declined to levels that it is likely to move into the endangered category in the near future if it continues to decline in the same manner. Eg: Blue sheep, Asiatic elephant, Gangetic dolphin, etc.
Endemic Species: These are species which are only found in some particular areas usually isolated by natural or geographical barriers. Examples of such species are the Andaman teal, Nicobar pigeon, Andaman wild pig, and Mithun in Arunachal Pradesh.
Extinct Species: These species may be extinct from a local area, region, country, continent or the entire earth. Eg: Asiatic cheetah, pink head duck.
Rare Species: Species with a small population may move into the endangered or vulnerable category if the negative factors affecting them continue to operate. Examples of such species are the Himalayan brown bear, wild Asiatic buffalo, desert fox and hornbill, etc.
Types and Distribution of Forest and Wildlife Resources
In India, forest and wildlife resources are owned and managed by the government through the Forest Department or other government departments.
These are classified under the following categories:
- Reserved Forests: More than half of the total forest land in India has been declared reserved forests.
- Protected Forests: Forest Department has declared one-third of the total forest area as protected forest.
- Unclassed Forests: These are the forests and wastelands which belong to both government and private individuals and communities. North-eastern states and parts of Gujarat have a very high percentage of their forests as unclassed forests.
Conservation of Forest and Wildlife in India
- Conservation is vital since it will help us to protect our environment and protect our ecosystem which in turn helps to preserve the genetic diversity that the ecosystem has.
- The Indian Wildlife (Protection) Act was implemented in 1972, which made various provisions for protecting habitats.
- The central government also announced several projects for protecting specific animals, which were gravely threatened, including the tiger, the one-horned rhinoceros, the Kashmir stag or hangul, and three types of crocodiles – freshwater crocodile, saltwater crocodile and the Gharial are some of the animals.
- The government has also provided partial or full legal protection to animals such as Indian elephants, black bucks, snow leopards etc. to protect them from extinction.
Community and Conservation
Conservation of the forest and wildlife resources is very important. Here are a few steps were taken by common people:
- In Sariska Tiger Reserve, Rajasthan, villagers have fought against mining by citing the Wildlife Protection Act.
- The inhabitants of five villages in the Alwar district of Rajasthan have declared 1,200 hectares of forest as the Bhairodev Dakav ‘Sonchuri’. Villages came up with their own set of rules and regulations which do not allow hunting. They are also protecting the wildlife against any outside encroachments.
- The famous Chipko movement in the Himalayas was one successful attempt to resist deforestation in several areas. The movement has also resulted in community afforestation.
- Farmers and citizen groups like the Beej Bachao Andolan in Tehri and Navdanya have shown that adequate levels of diversified crop production without the use of synthetic chemicals are possible and economically viable.
- India’s joint forest management (JFM) programme furnishes a good example of involving local communities in the management and restoration of degraded forests.
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Forest and Wildlife Resources Class 10 Important Questions and Answers
1. What was the list of animals that were added to the protected list?
Ans: The central government announced several projects for protecting specific animals, which were gravely threatened. The list includes the tiger, the one-horned rhinoceros, the Kashmir stag or hangul, and three types of crocodiles – freshwater crocodile, saltwater crocodile and the Gharial, the Asiatic lion, and others.
The government has also provided partial or full legal protection to animals such as Indian elephants, black bucks, snow leopards etc. to protect them from extinction. Several butterflies, moths, beetles, and one dragonfly was also added to the list of protected species under the Wildlife Act of 1980 and 1986.
2. Why is aquatic diversity important for human communities?
Ans: Fisheries are a major source of income for many communities, especially along the coastline. A rich aquatic diversity will provide a constant income for them. Everyone depends on water for their daily activities and hence rich water resources would mean a healthy community and regular food source.
3. What are permanent forests?
Ans: Reserved and protected forests are together called permanent forests. They are maintained for timber collection and other natural products.
4. What were the impacts of the Chipko Movement?
Ans: The Chipko moment has successfully helped in saving the flora but has also brought people together to save the environment. It also gave rise to many other programs where the community came together to save natural resources.
Beej Bachao Andolan in Tehri and Navdanya has promoted people to stop using synthetic chemicals as sufficient crop harvest can be produced even without the use of chemical fertilizers. The joint forest management (JFM) programme involves local people and communities to restore forests. It was first started in Odisha in 1988.
Forest and Wildlife Resources Class 10 Notes PDF Download – FAQs
What is the meaning of ‘Topography’?
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