Food Security in India Class 9 Notes PDF Summary
Greetings to all, today we are going to upload the Food Security in India Class 9 Notes PDF to assist students as well as tutors. Food Security is the capacity to assure, on a long-term basis, that the system provides the total population access to a timely, dependable, and nutritionally adequate supply of food. CBSE Class 9 Chapter 4 – Food Security in India of Economics talks about topics related to the importance of food security, insecure people, initiatives taken by the government to tackle food insecurity, etc. By reading this chapter, students of Class 9 will get an idea of how our country trades with food insecurity.
The CBSE Class 9 Economics notes for Chapter 4 are given here to help students prepare for their exams more effectively. These notes are developed by subject concern experts according to the latest syllabus. With the assistance of these CBSE Class 9 notes of Economics, students can quickly revise the entire chapter in a short period. The notes consist of all the important topics, as mentioned in the chapter.
Detailed Table of Chapter 4 Notes – Food Security in India Class 9 Notes PDF
|5.||Chapter||Economics Chapter 4|
|6.||Chapter Name||Food Security in India|
|7.||Category||CBSE Revision Notes|
Food Security in India Class 9 Notes PDF- Short Notes
Food security refers to the availability, accessibility, and affordability of food to all people at all times. Food security depends, on the Public Distribution System (PDS) and government vigilance and time to time action when this security is threatened.
Meaning Of Food Security
Food security means the availability of an adequate supply of basic foodstuffs at all times.
The 1995 World Food Summit declared, “Food security at the individual, household, regional, national and global levels exists when all people, at all times, have physical and economic access to sufficient, safe and nutritious food to meet their dietary needs and food preferences for an active and healthy life”. The declaration further recognizes that “poverty eradication is essential to improve access to food”.
Food security has the following dimensions
- Availability of Food It means food production within the country, food imports, and the previous year’s stock stored in government granaries.
- Accessibility of Food It means food is within reach of every person.
- Affordability of Food It implies that an individual has enough money to buy sufficient, safe, and nutritious food to meet one’s dietary needs.
The above dimensions conclude that food security is ensured in a country only if * Enough food is available for all the persons.
- All persons have the capacity to buy food of acceptable quality.
- There is no barrier to access to food.
Necessity Of Food Security
Food security is needed in a country to ensure the food at all times. It is needed to ensure that no person in a country dies of hunger.
Effect of Natural Calamity on Food Security
Most of the time, the poorest section of society might be food insecure. But persons above the poverty line might also be food insecure when the country faces a national disaster/calamity like earthquake, drought, flood, tsunami, widespread failure of crops causing famine, etc.-
The total production of foodgrains decreases due to a natural calamity. It creates a shortage of food in the affected areas. The price of food products goes up due to this shortage. At high prices, some people cannot afford to buy food. If such calamity happens in a very wide area or is stretched over a longer time period, it may cause a situation of starvation. Massive starvation might take a turn to famine. Thus, natural calamity affects food security adversely.
Famine and Starvation
A famine is characterized by widespread deaths due to starvation and epidemics caused by forced use of impure water or decaying food and loss of body resistance due to weakening from starvation.
The most devastating famine in India was the famine of Bengal in 1943. Thirty lakh people died in it. The price of rice, the staple diet of the people in the region, increased sharply.
People Affected by Famine
No famine has occurred in India since independence. But today also, there are places like Kalahandi and Kashipur in Odisha where famine-like condition still prevails. Starvation deaths are also reported in the Baran district of Rajasthan, Palamau in Jharkhand, and man^ other remote areas.
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