Emergency Drugs List 2023 PDF

Emergency Drugs List 2023 PDF Download

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Emergency Drugs List 2023 PDF Summary

Dear readers, here we are offering an Emergency Drugs List 2023 PDF to all of you. Drugs (medicine) are substances that relieve the symptoms of diseases or prevent diseases. Two things are important about medicines: First, it is used to treat a large number of people.

Secondly, these medicines inspire pharmaceutical companies for new research. These are manufactured or produced not only from medicinal plants like garlic, aloe vera, basil, etc. but also through organic synthesis. In this article, we are discussing some important medicines.

List of Emergency Drugs and Their Actions PDF / Emergency Drugs List 2023 PDF


Drug (concentration)



Administration / Remarks

1. Adenosine (3 mg/ml) Acute treatment of supraventricular tachycardia  1st 0.1 mg/kg/dose

2nd 0.2 mg/kg/dose

3rd 0.3 mg/kg/dose

Rapid IV push over 1-2 seconds

Flush line immediately with 5-20 ml NS

Infuse as close to IV site as possible

IO administration also successful

2. Atropine (0.1 mg/ml) Bradycardia 0.02 mg/kg/dose IV May repeat x 1 dose in 3 minutes
3. Calcium gluconate (100 mg/ml)= 9.4 mg elemental calcium /ml Cardia arrest


100 mg/kg/dose IV Not for IM or SQ use May repeat x 1 dose, then dose per ionized calcium results Administer by slow IV push for cardiac arrest, infuse over 30-60 minutes for other indications. Stop infusion if HR is greater than 100 bpm. Do not give intra-arterially.
4. Dextrose 10% (0.1 Gm/ml) Hypoglycemia Hyperkalemia in combination with insulin 0.2 Gm/kg/dose IV as D10W Then continuous infusion of D10W at a GIR of 4-8 mg/kg/min. Titrate to attain normoglycemia. 2 ml/kg of Dextrose 10% Hyperkalemia: Continuous infusion of 0.5 g/kg/hr dextrose and 0.1-0.2 units/kg/hr regular insulin. Dextrose and insulin dosages are adjusted based on serum glucose and potassium concentrations. Abrupt discontinuation of dextrose infusion is not recommended due to the risk of rebound hypoglycemia. Glucose concentrations less than D15 should be administered via a central vein to minimize risk of phlebitis and thrombosis.
5. Dopamine To give 10 mcg/kg/min. @ 1 ml/hr : weight x 30 = mg of dopamine (in kg) in 50 ml D5W/NS Hypotension Begin at 5 mcg/kg/min. May increase in increments of 2.5 – 5 mcg/kg/min. as needed up to 20 mcg/kg/min. Consider if poor peripheral perfusion, evidence of shock, or thready pulses after epinephrine and volume expansion (and bicarbonate) Administer into a central vein when possible. Phentolamine used for treatment of IV infiltrates.
6. Epinephrine 1 : 10,000 (0.1 mg/ml) Resuscitation Severe bradycardia Short term use for systemic hypotension 0.1 – 0.3 ml/kg/dose IV, IO (0.01 – 0.03 mg/kg), – For continuous infusion – start at 0.05 mcg/kg/min to a maximum of 1 mcg/kg/min.     Rapid IV push followed by 0.5-1 ml NS flush

May repeat every 3-5 minutes

ALWAYS use the diluted 1:10,000 (0.1 mg/ml) concentration for individual doses.

Only use the 1:1,000 (1 mg/ml) for continuous infusion solutions

NEVER inject into an artery

Do not mix with bicarbonate

Effectiveness of drug increases if acidosis is corrected

May mix dose volume with 3-5 ml NS

Follow ET administration with several positive pressure ventilations.

Do NOT administer these higher doses intravenously.

7. Fentanyl (50 mcg/ml) Analgesia



1 mcg/kg Consider 10 mcg/ml for doses less than 5 mcg
8. Hydralazine (20 mg/ ml) Hypertension by vasodilation 0.1-0.5 mg/kg Doses greater than 2 mg; consider 0.4 mg/ml
9. Lorazepam (2 mg/ml) Sedation


0.05-01 mg/kg Slow IV push

Seizures, may repeat q 10-15 minutes

10. Morphine (1 mg/ml) Pain


0.05-0.1 mg/kg Slow IV push over 5-10 minutes, IM, SQ
11. Naloxone (1 mg/ml) Narcotic antagonist 0.1 ml/kg rapid IV push, IM May repeat in 3 – 5 minutes if no response during resuscitation.

Duration of reversal is brief; may need repeated doses.

12. Phenobarbital (65 mg/ml) Anticonvulsant 15 – 20 mg/kg -For refractory seizures- Additional 5 mg/kg doses, up to a total of 40 mg/kg can be given. IV push over 10-15 minutes, no faster than 1 mg/min.

Drug can be administered by slow IV push, IM, PR, or PO.

Diluted IV product can be used orally.

13. Sodium Bicarbonate 4.2% (0.5 mEq/ml) Metabolic acidosis 1 – 2 mEq/kg Slow IV push over 30 minutes.

Use only 0.5 mEq/ml solution for infants

Infuse 1 mEq/kg over ≥ 1 minute

CAUSTIC; don’t infuse faster than 2 ml/kg/minute.

NOT routinely given for resuscitation.

Can also be given by continuous infusion, IO, or PO

14. Vecuronium ( 1mg/ml) Paralysis

Rapid Sequence


0.1 mg/kg IV push over less than 1 minute
15. Volume Expanders RBCs, NS Hypotension


With evidence of acute blood loss or a decrease in effective volume

RBCs: 15 ml/kg IV

NS: 10 ml/kg IV

RBCs: Infuse over 4 hours

NS: Infuse over at least 10 minutes, but preferably over 30-60 minutes. Consider if poor response to resuscitative efforts or weak pulses with a good heart rate

List of Emergency Drugs PDF 2023






1. Oxygen Almost any emergency 100% inhalation 1 “E” cylinder with adjustable regulator (0-15L)
2. Epinephrine Anaphylaxis

Asthma unresponsive to albuterol/salbutamol

1: 1000 (1mg/ml), auto-injector 0.3 mg/ml (EpiPen), 0.15 mg/ml (EpiPen Jr) 1:1000 mg/ml ampule, 1 EpiPen, 1 EpiPen Jr auto-injectors
3. Nitroglycerin Angina pain 0.4 mg sublingual every 3-5 minutes 1 metered spray bottle (0.4 mg)
4. Diphenhydramine Allergic reactions 1 mg/kg IM/IV; max 50 mg (See table 2 for dosage by age) 50 mg/ml vials and 1 box 25 mg tablets
5. Albuterol/salbutamol Asthmatic bronchospasm 2 puffs; repeat as needed Metered-dose inhaler 2.5 mg/3ml nebulized solution
6. Aspirin Myocardial infarction 81 mg chewable tablet Chewable tablet, bottle baby aspirin (81 mg)
7. Glucose Hypoglycemia (patient unconscious) 37.5 mg; repeat as needed 1 tube (37.5 mg).

You can download Emergency Drugs List PDF 2023 by clicking on the following download button.

Emergency Drugs List 2023 pdf

Emergency Drugs List 2023 PDF Download Link

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