Child Health Nursing Questions and Answers PDF Summary
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The given pediatric nursing questions and answers will be very helpful for nurses and students also. Here we have also provided pediatric nursing mcq questions and answers pdf download for free which will be very fruitful for you.
Child Health Nursing Questions and Answers PDF – MCQs
1. The nurse is caring for an infant following a cleft lip repair. While comforting the infant, which should avoid by a nurse?
A). Holding the infant.
B). Offering a pacifier.
C). Providing a mobile.
D). Offering sterile water.
Ans – B). Offering a pacifier.
2. Which of the following snacks would be suitable for a child with gluten-induced enteropathy?
A). Soft oatmeal cookie.
B). Buttered popcorn.
C). Peanut butter and jelly sandwich.
D). Cheez pizza.
Ans – B). Buttered popcorn.
3. Which of the following may indicate when a newborn is a failure to pass meconium within the first 24 hours?
A). Hirschsprung disease.
B). Celiac disease.
D). Abdominal wall defect.
Ans – A). Hirschsprung disease.
4. Which developmental task is associated with middle childhood, according to Erikson’s growth and development theory?
Ans – D). Industry.
5. Which play activity is best suited to the gross motor skills of the toddler?
A). Coloring book and crayons.
C). Building cubes.
D). Swing set.
Ans – B). Ball.
6. Phototherapy is ordered for a newborn with physiological jaundice. The nurse caring for the infant should?
A). Offer sterile water between formula feeding.
B). Apply an emollient to the baby’s skin.
C). Wear a gown, gloves, and a mask while caring for the infant.
D). Place the baby in enteric isolation.
Ans – A). Offer sterile water between formula feeding.
7. A 2-months old infant has just received her first Tetramune injection. The nurse should tell the mother that the immunization:-
a.Will need to be repeated when the child is 4 years of age.
b. is one of a series of injections that protects against DPT and Hib.
c. is given to determine whether the child is susceptible to pertussis.
d. is a one-time injection that protects against MMR and Varicella.
Ans – B). is one of a series of injections that protects against DPT and Hib.
8. What is the primary purpose of keeping a child with croup, is placed in a cool, high-humidity tent connected to room air?
a. Prevent insensible water loss.
b. Provide a moist environment with oxygen at 30%.
c. Prevent dehydration and reduce fever.
d. Liquefy secretions and relieve laryngospasm.
Ans – D). Liquefy secretions and relieve laryngospasm.
9. Which of the following finding should be reported immediately when a nurse caring for an 8-year-old is following a routine tonsillectomy?
a. Reluctance to swallow.
b. Drooling of blood-tinged saliva.
c. An axillary temperature of 99 degrees Fahrenheit.
d. Respiratory stridor.
Ans – D). Respiratory stridor.
10. Which of the following is a treatment of choice for a child with lead poisoning?
a. Gastric lavage.
b. Chelating agents.
d. Activated Charcol.
Ans – B). Chelating agents.
11. which of the following assessment findings would lead the nurse to suspect Down Syndrome in an Infant?
a. Small tongue.
b. Transverse palmar crease.
c. Large nose.
d. Restricted joint movement.
Ans – B). Transverse palmar crease.
12. Which of the developmental milestone puts the 4-months old infant at greatest risk for injury?
a. switching objects from one hand to another.
d. Rolling over.
Ans – D). Rolling over.
13. What is hypospadias?
a. the urinary meatus is located on the underside of the penis rather than the tip.
b. the ureters allow the reflux of urine into the kidneys.
c. the urinary meatus is located on the top side of the penis rather than the tip.
d. The bladder lies outside the abdominal cavity.
Ans- A. the urinary meatus is located on the underside of the penis rather than the tip.
14. The nurse notes a swelling on the neonate’s scalp that crosses the suture line. What is this assessment finding?
a. Cephal hematoma.
b. Caput succedaneum.
c. haemorrhage oedema.
d. Perinatal caput.
Ans – B). Caput succedaneum.
15. What is the use of the administration of the Denver Developmental Screening Test (DDST) to a five months old infant?
a. To assess the intelligence quotient.
b. to assess emotional development.
c. to assess social and physical activities.
d. to assess the pre-disposition to genetic and allergic illness.
Ans- C). to assess social and physical activities.
16. Which of the common side effects may experience in a child with cystic fibrosis treated with inhalation therapy with Pulmozyme or (domes alfa)?
a. Hair loss.
b. Weight gain.
c. Sore throat.
d. Brittle nails.
Ans – C). Sore throat.
17. Which position is best for a newborn with exstrophy of the bladder?
c. On either side.
d. With the head elevated.
Ans – C). On either side.
18. How to administer ear drops to a 2-year-old child?
a. Pull the ear down and back.
b. Pull the ear straight out.
c. Pull the ear up and back.
d. Leave the ear undisturbed.
Ans – A). Pull the ear down and back.
19. How to do chest percussion for a child with cystic fibrosis?
a. Use the heel of your hand during percussion.
b. change the child’s position every 20 minutes.
c. do percussion after the child eats and at bedtime.
d. use cupped hands during percussion.
Ans – D). use cupped hands during percussion.
20. Which of the following pediatric patients are at greatest risk for latex allergy?
a. the child with myelomeningocele.
b. the child with epispadias is
c. the child with coxa plana.
d. the child with rheumatic fever.
Ans – A). the child with myelomeningocele.
21. Molly, with suspected rheumatic fever, is admitted to the pediatric unit. When obtaining the child’s history, the nurse considers which information to be most important?
A. fever that started 3 days ago
B. Lack of interest in food
C. A recent episode of pharyngitis
D. Vomiting for 2 days
Ans: C. A recent episode of pharyngitis
22. The nurse is aware that the most common assessment finding in a child with ulcerative colitis is:
A. Intense abdominal cramps
B. Profuse diarrhoea
C. Anal fissures
D. Abdominal distention
Ans: B. Profuse diarrhoea
23. When developing a plan of care for a hospitalized child, nurse Mary knows that children in which age group is most likely to view illness as a punishment for misdeeds?
B. Preschool age
C. School age
Ans: B. Preschool age
24. A female child, age 6, is brought to the health clinic for a routine checkup. To assess the child’s vision, the nurse should ask:
A. “Do you have any problems seeing different colours?”
B. “Do you have trouble seeing at night?”
C. “Do you have problems with glare?”
D. “How are you doing in school?”
Ans: D. “How are you doing in school?”
25. Hannah, age 12, is 7 months pregnant. When teaching parenting skills to an adolescent, the nurse knows that which teaching strategy is least effective?
A. Providing a one-on-one demonstration and requesting a return demonstration, using a live infant model
B. Initiating a teenage parent support group with first and second-time mothers
C. Using audiovisual aids that show discussions of feelings and skills
D. Providing age-appropriate reading materials
Ans: D. Providing age-appropriate reading materials.
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