Bharat Muni Natya Shastra PDF Summary
Dear readers, here we are offering Bharat Muni Natya Shastra PDF to all of you. Bharata Muni is known as a legendary author of the Natya Shastra. Natya Shastra is one of the most popular and ancient scripture baste on dramaturgy. It is also considered the first Sanskrit scripture to work on dramaturgy.
There are many people who think that everything we find in this modern era is the invention or creation of the modern human being but they should not forget the ancient Hinduism was so developed that it has given us so many knowledgeable theories and concepts that are very important in today’s order scenario.
Bharat Muni Natya Shastra PDF
Poetics is one of the fields of knowledge in which Indian scholarship has made significant contributions, the other being the Indian religion, philosophy, art, and literature. Unlike them, however, Indian poetics has not been properly
appreciated by scholars. It has not received the acclaim accorded to the other fields of ancient Indian knowledge.
There is indeed a need to counter and correct the de-intellectualized mind by arguing for and developing applicational models from Indian Sanskrit literary theories to a wide variety of English texts. Despite the favorable gesture of the U.G.C. to promote Sanskrit literary theories within the existing thinking of the Indian academy, problems still persist in the mind of “the Educated Indian” who outrightly rejects the Indian literary theories.
The scholars of English, in the East and in the West as well, teach the translated western classics Homer (Iliad), Virgil (Aeneid) Plato (Republic), Aristotle ( Theory of Poetry and Fine Arts), Longinus (On the Sublime), Horace ( Ars Poetica or Art of Poetry), Quintilian (Institutio Oratoria or The Education of an Orator), Dante (Divine Comedy and De VulgarioEloqioe or Of the Vulgar Tongue or Of Writing in Vernacular ) with a kind of elevated feeling. Not only the Western classics, we teach even the translated works of the Western modern writers Ferdinand de Saussure ( The Course in General Linguistics) Roman Jakobson (articles on matters of grammar and phonology in Slavonic languages), Jacques Lacan, psychoanalyst, Jacques Derrida, Mikhail Bakhtin, Rolland Barthes, Michael Foucault and many others with the same feelings of elevation.
But when we turn to teach our own Sanskrit literary theories, it is a matter of lamentation, we dismiss the same venture as ‘revivalism’. Sanskrit theories are the result of tap or devotion of ancient Indian Acaryas from Acarya Bharat to Panditraj Jagannath and deal with each part of the literary text systematically. These theories have viability and validity in modern situations too. They are not suited to the Indian context only but are universally valid.
Unhesitatingly, it can be said that these theories can profitably be applied to Western texts. But while applying them we should be very cautious. We should not apply them blindly as it has been observed in the efforts made so far. In
general, these theories have been applied as patents. Such exercises can hardly succeed, for they are based on false premises. If the applicational models are developed from Sanskrit theories and are applied in the right perspective, they can help develop a genuine Indian literary criticism.
These models shall offer preferable alternatives to Western models. They will focus on the significant area of intersection between Indian and Western thinking i.e. their views on the analysis and appreciation of literary expression. They will stimulate an inspiration to examine English texts in the light of classical concepts. Aesthetics in Indian and Western Context The word “aesthetics” originally meant pertaining to things perceptible by senses, things material, as opposed to things thinkable or immaterial.
In the western context, particularly from the Hegelian point of view, “aesthetics” means “the philosophy of fine arts” which seems to mean “a theory of beautiful in general, whether in art or in nature. Their beauty has been studied by different thinkers at different times and accordingly, there are different theories. The earliest theories are hedonistic,
rigoristic and moralistic, or pedagogic which represent a study of the problem from the point of view of the end of art. The theories of imitation, illusion and idealized representation represent a study from the point of view of the artist. The theories of confused cognition, inference and mysticism represent a study of the problem from the point of view of the spectator. All these theories have been propounded on the basis of architecture, sculpture, painting, music, and drama. In the context of India, aesthetics means “science and philosophy of fine art.”
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